With the number of people affected by hunger worldwide estimated between 720–811 million, the agricultural sector is failing to deliver food and nutrition security for all. At the same time, the sector contributes to environmental degradation and represents a high share of global greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, hundreds of millions of farmers around the world rely on the agricultural sector for their livelihoods. Yet sensible agricultural practices can foster the sustainable use of natural resources and ecosystem protection. The challenge is to improve production of and access to food in a way that protects the environment, improves livelihoods, and supports sustainable development. International trade and trade policies are important factors in this equation.